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Posted by Rahul Saighal on September 15, 2006 at 18:10:16:
In Reply to: Re: working of hydrazine and trisodium phosphate posted by afdmello on December 14, 2001 at 00:47:30:
: : : tri sodium phosphate and hydrazine are used for the removal of oxygen from boiler feed water.how these chemical work. will they dirctly combine with oxygen or will produce some kind of protective layer on boiler metal surface.secondly if boler feed water is heated in a shell type feed water tank of copacity 5 tons and that is laying horizontly upto 212 f , 75 percent filled, will this heating will cause the dearation of water and upto what extant.will it be further needing to add chemicals for complete removal of oxygen.
: : : thanks and regard for sugesstions.
: : Tri sodium phosphate is not used for oxygen removal in boiler systems.
: : It is used for scale control. The phosphate combines with hardness
: : minerals such as calcium and magnesium and forms a precipitate which
: : can be removed by blowdown. This prevents deposit buildup in the boiler.
: : I'm not real familiar with hydrazine, but my book says it functions
: : preferentially as a metal passivator in the system. The reaction is slow
: : at 300degrees,it becomes very rapid by 392degrees. It begins to decompose
: : at 752degrees Fahrenheit and is 90% decomposed by 1112F, releasing ammonia
: : as a byproduct. Ammonia, in the presence of oxygen, is extremely corrosive
: : to yellow metals. Hydrazines reaction with oxygen does not
: : contribute any solids to the boiler water. Hydrazine is a known carcinogen
: : so take extra precautions when dealing with it.
: : As for your tank, if it is not an actual deaeration tank, water at 212F
: : can hold about one half of one ppm of oxygen. The water is not fully deaerated
: : at that point and will still need the addition of chemicals such as
: : hydrazine or sulfite to remove the oxygen and protect the boiler from oxygen
: : corrosion. As for what extent you would need to add chemicals, you need to
: : add enough chemicals to completely remove the oxygen and leave a residual
: : of a small amount. Sulfite typically requires a residual of 30-60 ppm as sulfite.
: : My book says hydrazine should be fed neat to the feedwater system to maintain a 0.05 -0.10
: : residual. Hope this helps. Vern
: Yes u r right ! Hydrazine is highly toxic and is added to the deaerator and is also called a OXYgen scavenger. Vern has a detailed and excellent report on it.
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